Science and mathematics are not trendy subjects, state pupils. As a result, if these topics are mandatory, trainees choose a less complicated stream in senior high school as well as are much less likely to change to college scientific research programs. In addition, female pupils are under-represented in locations such as maths, physics, and astronomy.

Expertise in earth science is really crucial in nation-building. Virtually everything we do every day is connected somehow to Earth: to its land, seas, environment, plants, and also animals. The food we eat, the water we consume, our residences as well as workplaces, the clothing we put on, the energy we make use of, and the air we breathe are all grown in, extracted from, surround, or move through the world.